How instant coffee appeared: four stories, one of which is real
You will be surprised, but now we will not argue about the benefits and harms of instant coffee, but simply leave you the right to speak in the comments. However, firstly read the article about what or who is responsible for the fact that every second Russian family drinks instant coffee. In fairness, not only Russian ...
At least four people contributed to creating instant coffee. They worked inconsistently, living in different parts of the world, and doing completely different things for life. From the end of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th, the coffee industry made a massive leap towards the popularization of this easy-to-prepare and affordable drink among all segments of the population because of these four people.
History One: Sublimated
The first who patented his instant coffee idea was the French writer and artist Alfons Alle. In the world of art, he was known as an eccentric person with a negative sense of humor and a sharp tongue that did not understand pity.
Long before Alfons became interested in coffee experiments, he managed to make a splash in the world of creative people - he set plays that were ahead of his time and arranged innovative exhibitions. Though, Alle did not begin his career path paintings and elegant literature. He was born in the family of a pharmacist. So, Alfons inherited the profession of his father. However, the young French pharmacist interpreted pharmaceuticals (which he gradually worked on a little for his whole life) in his own way, often creating placebo medicines.
In 1881, Alle took a step away from the usual creative activity. He was obviously inspired by the pharmacist's work and his love of Arabica when he made his discovery and found that coffee can be sublimated. Alfons patented his instant coffee, but in those days there were no people who could evaluate its achievement. Thus, the idea remained only in his notes and did not reach a wide circle of admirers.
History Two: Powder
New Zealander David Strang could hardly have known about Alla's patent - he simply owned a small coffee and spice factory in the city of Invercargill and, from time to time, generated ideas on how to improve his business. So in 1890, the Stang's Coffee factory began production of round tins with freshly patented coffee powder. Apparently, patent office workers in those days were not too puzzled by checking on existing patented inventions.
One way or another, and Strang definitely went further than Alla. He not only invented a new way of making coffee but also launched it into production, giving his product the name "Instant Coffee Powrang Instant Powder". Alas, his remarkable discovery also had a short life and exclusively local popularity - only while the inventor himself was alive. Many years passed after the death of David before his heirs discovered both the forgotten patent and the recordings of the technologies themselves. So the Australian also failed to bring his invention to the world market.
Story Three: Tea Inspired
Japanese chemist Satori Kato became the third person who wanted to "fill" a lot of coffee in one can. He succeeded. In 1901, Kato presented his invention at the Pan American exhibition in the city of Buffalo, New York State. Satori came up with the idea to create instant coffee after he first experimented with tea and managed to get a soluble drink from dried leaves.
For a long time, it was Kato who was considered the official founding father of instant coffee, until the truth about the Australian Strand was revealed.
Fourth story: the most real
The fourth inventor of instant coffee is chemist George Constant Washington. A native Belgian, he emigrated to the United States, where he began his scientific career, and then moved to Guatemala. It was there that an avid coffee lover George noticed an interesting phenomenon - a noticeable layer of coffee powder began to grow on the nose of his beloved silver coffee pot. Having looked closely at this "powder", Washington made a logical conclusion that if coffee can turn from a liquid into a loose product, then a reverse reaction is also possible.
Nowadays, no one knows for sure whether Washington used the development of its predecessors (far from a fact) or not. Nevertheless, in 1910 he created his own brand “Red E Coffee” and was the first in the world who launched it in mass production.
Unlike David Strang, Washington did not confine itself to a small factory - he launched a broad advertising campaign that allowed all Americans (and not only Americans) get to hear about the possibility of carrying instant coffee in their pocket.
In the future, World War I “helped” Washington a lot. It turned out that its product was an irreplaceable thing at the forefront. When you can not brew real coffee, which aroma will immediately give up your position, instant coffee was used. It goes in such volumes that the former Belgian could not even dream of emigrating to the States.
After the war, former soldiers “brought” instant coffee to their families and “hooked on” wives and children on it. Yesterday's camping drink has become part of the usual lifestyle. It remains to this day, helping us out on the train, at work, or even at home.
Now let's discuss how you feel about instant coffee!